SCHOOLS IN INDIA - CBSE - Kendriya Vidyalaya

The Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan, which translates to 'Central School Organisation', oversees the functioning of the schools with its headquarters in New Delhi.

The Kendriya Vidyalayas (lit. "central schools") are a system of central government schools in India that were instituted under the aegis of the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD). It comprises over 1,183 (As on 31st March 2018) schools in India and three abroad. It is one of world's largest chain of was started in 1962.

The system came into being in 1963 under the name 'Central Schools'. Later, the name was changed to Kendriya Vidyalaya. All the schools are affiliated to the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE). Its objective is to educate children of the Indian Defence Services personnel who are often posted to remote locations. With the army starting its own Army Public Schools, the service was extended (but not restricted) to all central government employees.

A uniform curriculum is followed by these schools all over India. By providing a common syllabus and system of education, the Kendriya Vidyalayas are intended to ensure that the children of government employees do not face education disadvantages when their parents are transferred from one location to another. The schools have been operational for more than 50 years.

The administration of this body is based on levels. The chairman of Kendriya Vidyalaya Sangathan is always the Minister in Charge of Human Resource Development of the Government of India; the deputy chairman is Minister of State of MHRD. The  working team consists of the Commissioner of KVS; there are additional commissioners . The head of a KVS region is Deputy Commissioner accompanied by an Assistant Commissioner. There are individual principals of every KV administrating the schools along with a Vice-Principal, Head Master/ Mistress.  The Vidyalaya also has several committees for the holistic development of the students and well maintenance of the school compound and system.

As of March 2018, there were 1183 schools named Kendriya Vidyalayas. Kendriya Vidyalaya is one of the longest school chain in world .  The three Kendriya Vidyalayas outside India are in Kathmandu, Moscow, and Tehran. They are intended for children of Indian embassy staff and other expatriate employees of the government of India.

All the schools share a common syllabus and offer bilingual instruction, in English and Hindi. They are co-educational.  Sanskrit is taught as a compulsory subject from classes VI to VIII  and as an optional subject until class XII. Tuition fees are charged for boys from class IX onward  and students have to pay the school development fund (Vidyalaya Vikas Nidhi), with the proceeds spent on the development of that particular school. Students from Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and children of KVS employees are exempt from tuition fees. Girls who are their parents' only child from class VI onward are exempt from tuition and school development fund payments.

The Schools Board is Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) under the Authority of   Ministry of Human Resource Development

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